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اثر آنتونی بورخس از انتشارات تمندر - مترجم: پ‍ری رخ ه‍اش‍م‍ی -داستان پاد آرمان شهر

ارسال شده توسط ایران کتاب در تاریخ یکشنبه 30 مهر 1396
"Clockwork Orange" یک رمان دودویی است که توسط نویسنده انگلیسی آنتونی برگرز منتشر شده در سال 1962 منتشر شده است. در جامعه نزدیک انگلیسی، یک زیر کشت فرهنگی از خشونت جوانان شدید شخصیت مرکزی این کلاسیک سال 1963 یک بت پرورده پانزده ساله است. الکس، در دیدگاه کابوس آنتونی بورگز درباره آینده، جایی که جنایتکاران پس از تاریکی به سر می برند، داستان توسط شخصیت مرکزی، الکس، که در یک اسطوره اختراع وحشیانه ای صحبت می کند که به شدت باعث آسیب شناسی اجتماعی او و دوستانش می شود، گفت. Clarkwork Orange یک افسانه ترسناک در مورد خیر و شر است و معنای آزادی انسان است. هنگامی که دولت متعهد به اصلاح الکس می شود - برای رهایی او - رمان می پرسد، چه هزینه ای؟


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How many times in a day do we hear Be-Yourself, I-am-what-I-am, and all those statutory reminders calling upon our self-control, decision-making, and ever-active inner agent which is none other than the entity that makes us us? When we grow up, we are all constantly being told or reminded or warned to find our own place in the society, not to get lost in the crowd, and most importantly, to be/become what we always want to be/become. And it is the choices we make during moral dilemmas diversifies us into the good and the bad (I am going to keep the ugly out of this discussion, dear brothers!). Does making bad choices make the one who made the choice bad? or make the one who found it bad, good? Nevertheless it is the self, our object of consciousness makes those choices. So, who should be blamed as our very own selves are in question, morality or almighty?

@Badness is of the self, the one, the you or me on our own, and that self is made by old God and is his great pride and joy. But the not-self cannot have the bad, meaning they of the government and the judges and the schools cannot allow the bad because they cannot allow the self. And is not our modern history, my brothers, the story of brave little selves fighting these big machines?@

Burges tries to answer the above question through the unspeakable predatory acts and the disheartening human-conditioning experiences of his hero Alex who, once, was a brutal savage teenage gangster, and later, becomes a pawn in political struggle, a victim of government tyranny, and a Guinea Pig in an human conditioning experiment. Alex, in this story, has seen the sorrowful image of the holy bearded veck all nagoy hanging on the cross and he strongly believes that we all are capable of doing evil as much as he is. Within every man, is both the powerful surge toward the good because we are made in the image of God, and the darker impulses toward evil because of the effects of Original Sin. Alex empathetically addresses his distant brothers, the readers, and asks that whether it is not the mere choice of every individual to be good or bad, let alone the dark impulses and consciousness.

Violence makes violence
“Delimitation is always difficult. The world is one, life is one. The sweetest and most heavenly of activities partake in some measure of violence – the act of love, for instance; music, for instance.”
Isnt there the evidence of violence from the time immemorial? We had waged and seen all kinds of wars, be it holy or civil or worldly. Our efforts to end violence has not turned out to be fruitful yet. Perhaps, it is really the question of moral choice, then. Leaving us with this question, Alex ends up in the prison and gets chosen for a novel experiment to cure the bad and eliminate the wrong. It is quite confounding to say what happens to him after that possibly-debilitating, will-sapping, and hideous experiment, to which doctors say that he positively responded - like a clockwork, Alex claims himself to be.

Is high art civilizing?
“Great Music, it said, and Great Poetry would like quieten Modern Youth down and make Modern Youth more Civilized.”
Dont we all resort to some form of art to satiate our souls and please ourselves when troubled? The notion that art humanizes and unites us is commonly prevalent among us. Art keeps evolving as the man does, and the new forms of art are springing up like mushrooms after the rain. Art and Morality are closely connected: any form of art we appreciate has some significant impact and influence over us. Little do we realize that same art form or any other can aggravate our impulses and make us violent. Because, it makes us feel at home, gives us the power we dream of, and unleashes our dark demons which lurk beneath us. Well, there are other art forms which are unimaginably intimidating, making us wonder whether the so-called arts are aesthetic or artistic defects. Alex, being an ardent aficionado of Beethoven, Mozart and all, says that music sharpens him and makes him feel all powerful.

“Goodness comes from within. Goodness is something chosen. When a man cannot choose he ceases to be a man.”

The main argument of the book is “Is it better for a man to have chosen evil than to have good imposed upon him?” In other words, @Is it better for a man to be bad than to be conditioned to be good?@ Lets not forget that the desire to answer the above questions positively comes with certain negative consequences, only if you can imagine: How many beasts and demons we have tamed in the name of law, religion, and other holds we have enforced on them.

“It is as inhuman to be totally good as it is to be totally evil. The important thing is moral choice. Evil has to exist along with good, in order that moral choice may operate. Life is sustained by the grinding opposition of moral entities.”

However, finding ourselves impaled upon the horns of a dilemma of choosing between right and wrong is, sometimes, going to be inevitable. May the force be with all of us to fight against them...

Must-Read for all!

مشاهده لینک اصلی
In the near future, in an Utopian socialist country, England, where everyone has to work ( except the ill or old), whether the job makes any sense, or not, a group of teenagers like to party, without limits, at night. Alex, the leader, George, 2nd in command, Pete, the most sane, and the big, dim, Dim, hes good with his boots, fun loving, kids. Your humble narrator, Alex, will tell this story, my brothers ...First they see an ancient man, leaving the library carrying books, very suspicious, nobody goes there now, inspecting these filthy things and ripping them to pieces, not forgetting a few punches on the offender, to stop this evil habit, next entering a shop and borrowing some needed money, the owner and wife have to be persuaded with just a little force, for this honor, then teaching a scummy drunk, in the street, the evil of his ways, pounding some sense into his addled brain. Meeting old friends, Billyboy and company, in a dark alley, they exchange love taps, but boys sometimes play too hard, drops of blood fall lovingly to the ground. When so many noisy sirens go off, these peaceful youths, leave this unhealthy place. Getting tired of walking, the gang goes on a joy ride, after spotting the empty car, not being used! The friends, decide to travel to the countryside, leaving dirty London, behind, for fresh air, the beauty of the land, the woods, tiny critters to watch and the slow ones on the road, to be put out of their misery, with a merciful crunch. Viewing a mailbox with the name of Home, on it, how delightful, this cottage, welcoming couple, lets the group in for a spot of tea, theyre wearing masks to enliven the carnival atmosphere, even though, the man is a creepy writer... ugh. Would you read something called, A Clockwork Orange? What a silly title, for the good of the world, these pages are scattered everywhere, flying high to the ceiling and floating down below, to be properly trashed on the floor, by the good doers. Exchanging warm greetings with the wife, Alex, your humble narrator, my brothers, and associates, go back to the city, its getting late, school tomorrow... ultra- violent fun, must end ... His frightened parents, dont ask too many questions, at his small , but dumpy apartment, a place they share. His room full of records of classical music, Ludwig Van , a favorite, to inspire him, which he plays very loud and his parents dont dare to complain anymore. Later Alex is sent to prisoner for a long term, murder they say, framed, what rot, he is 15. His cell he shares with five other men, nasty criminals, unlike Alex, one will have to sleep on the floor, his fists will not let him be the one ...Doctors Branom and Brodsky, ignorant fellows, they dont understand his slang, have a new technique to cure his violent behavior, as some people call it, two weeks and a free man, let the torture begin...

مشاهده لینک اصلی
This book is incredible. The themes of the story are still as relevant as they were then. Ethics, morality, choice, are still important topics that are discussed regularly throughout life. Im aware of the controversial nature of this book due to the violence that takes place but after reading it, I cant help but wonder if part of the reason it was banned was due to the probably (sadly and worryingly) quite accurate depiction of governments. This is a very thought-provoking read.

The character of Alex is an incredibly interesting one. I hated him. I genuinely hated him but I was still intrigued and fascinated by him. The crimes hes committed are horrific and terrible but then he gets put through a torture of his own. Now, at this point, some people would probably be cheering for this and glad that hes suffering but some people (myself included) wouldnt agree with it, even though wed still hate him for what he did. This is where the ethics and personal beliefs and morals come into it. The whole story makes you question your own thoughts, your own views, but ultimately you end up finding out more about yourself while reading it.

This was very nearly a 5 star read for me. The only thing that let it down was the ending. I actually got angry at the ending because it felt like such a lazy cop out way of trying to end the story. It tries to redeem a character that I believe to be unredeemable. Alex is still a terrible human being. Yes, by the end of it, he has been through a lot of horrible and torturous things himself but he remained a vile person throughout it all anyway so by making the ending that (view spoiler)[ he just decides hes too old and is now bored of the violence so wont do it anymore and will instead get married and have kids (hide spoiler)] is, in my opinion, a load of crap. That wouldnt happen. Also, to blame the violence on (view spoiler)[ youth and being young (hide spoiler)] is a massive pile of BS. The story had strong, interesting, thought-provoking points throughout the story and then it was ruined with a rushed, lazy ending. Now, if the excuse used, is supposed to be making a satirical point about (view spoiler)[ how the media, the government, and adults view youth and the young (hide spoiler)] then fine, its a clever point to make. However, if that was the point, it still wasnt executed well and therefore I felt that it fell flat.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
Hmmm... This is going to be a challenge because I find A Clockwork Orange a tricky book.

Ill start by saying that last week I read Prince of Thorns, a book about a 14 years old boy (Jorg) who kills, rapes and does pretty much everything he wants. This book is about a 15 years old boy (Alex) who rapes, kills and does pretty much everything he wants. And to think people found Jorg disturbing. Jorg has a reason and a goal. Alex is just... heck if I know what hes about. I guess hes just enjoying himself (until hes caught and sent to prison).

@description@

In prison, he finds out about the Ludovico technique, an experimental behavior-modification treatment. Alex submits to it in exchange for his sentence being reduced. Problem is, once hes free, the simple thought of violence makes him very ill.

@description@

So... I didnt particularly like this one because I dont really understand it. What happened to society that parents became so uninterested in their childrens education? I mean a boy doesnt get like Alex if he has loving and caring parents. And from what I got in the book, the youth violence problem was pretty much general. Where were all the adults? Something doesnt add up right. I dont mean that I cannot believe a 15-year-old could be that vicious, I just dont understand why.

Nope. Not my thing.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
**DISCLAIMER: If you HAVE NOT seen the movie, there will be spoilers**



There is a darkness in the world. For the most part that darkness is kept locked down, chained within the breast of the beast, forced to co-exist with and focus on the goodness. Whether this be by fear of reperucission or a personal desire to force it away depends on the person it lives within. Sometimes the chains, the rules and the fear are not enough. Sometimes the beast wins its freedom into the world. In Anthony Burgesss A Clockwork Orange that beast has a name, its name is Alex. Alex delights in all things heinous. He glories in blood, filth, degradation and rape. Alex is fifteen.

This novel is absolutely disgusting, horrifying and vile on every level. The movie, with its in your face violence and horror pales compaired to the nausea inducing entiry of the novel. Where the movie is extremely unsettling, the story its based off of is terrifying.

Part I Chapter 4 is the single most heinous act - in my opinion - of the entire novel. I have to appreciate and understand its omission from the movie as it is not something I would EVER want to see committed to film.

Burgesss teenage slang used liberally within the novel has a duel action effect which works incredibly well for impact. Firstly, it provides a gloss like a veener over the horrors committed within these pages. Once it has lulled you into complacency it jumps out and wallops you right between the eyes. The bond of language is a strong force and Burgess uses this knowledge with an ability like a finely sharpened knife to a keen and precise endgame. By forcing you to think in Alexs voice and language he also forces you out of your own emotional comfort level.

The book is told in three parts with an unsettling wheel effect. The movie, however, is only of the first two parts with the third omitted. Im not sure why that choice was made perhaps the loop itself would have been too startling on film? Just as a stalker behind the wheel of a car with only 2/3rds of an engine can scare and disturb you, so the movie does likewise. The novel, however, is the stalker with a perfect engine... the stalker who can follow you home, creep into your room and watch you while you sleep.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
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